Brazil, in Southern America, has a large number of vineyards, and although many of them only produce table wines, there are a growing amount that are starting to produce quality Brazilian wine.
As Brazil is near the equator, usual wine growing rules make most of the country unsuitable for viticulture, due to too much heat and humidity, so much of the wine production of Brazil is concentrated in the south of the country, away from the equator, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, around 29th parallel south, which is close to Uruguay and Argentina.
In this area, many of the vineyards are located in the cooler, higher and hilly locations, predominantly in the Serra Gaucha region.
While better quality wines, known as vinho fino, are produced from the European grapevine Vitis vinifera, only some 5,000 hectares (12,000 acres) out of Brazil's 68,000 hectares (170,000 acres) were planted with such vines.
The rest of the vines are American vines or hybrid vines, many of which are easier to cultivate under the hot Brazilian growing conditions.